SRS-22r Self-Image After Surgery for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis at 10-year Follow-up
Lauren E Stone 1, Vidyadhar V Upasani 2, Joshua M Pahys 3, Nicholas D Fletcher 4, Stephen G George 5, Suken A Shah 6, Tracey P Bastrom 2, Carrie E Bartley 2, Lawrence G Lenke 7, Peter O Newton 2, Michael P Kelly 2; Harms Study Group
PMID: 36917707 DOI: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000004620
Study design: Retrospective cohort.
Objective: To examine SRS-Self Image scores at up to 10 years after surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).
Summary of background data: Self-image is complex with implications for surgical and patient-reported outcomes after AIS surgery. Surgically modifiable factors that impact self-image are inconsistently reported in the literature with few longer-term reports. We examined the rate and durability of self-image improvement.
Materials and methods: An AIS registry was queried for patients with up to 10 years of follow-up after AIS surgery. A mixed effects model estimated change in SRS-22 Self Image from baseline to 6 weeks, 1 year, 2 years, 5 years, and 10 years. All enrolled patients contributed data to the mixed effects models. A sub-analysis of patients with 1-year and 10-year follow-up evaluated worsening/static/improved SRS-22 Self Image scores examined stability of scores over that timeline. Baseline demographic data and 1-year deformity magnitude data were compared between groups using parametric and nonparametric tests as appropriate.
Results: Data from 4608 patients contributed data to the longitudinal model; 162 had 1-year and 10-year data. Mean SRS-Self Image improvement at 10-year follow-up was 1.0 (95% CI: 0.9-1.1) point. No significant changes in Self-Image domain scores were estimated from 1-year to 10-year (all P >0.05) postoperative. Forty (25%) patients had SRS-Self Image worsening from 1 year to 10 years, 36 (22%) improved, and 86 (53%) were unchanged. Patients who worsened over 10 years had lower SRS-Self Image at baseline than those unchanged at enrollment (3.3 vs. 3.7, P =0.007). Neither radiographic parameters nor SRS-Mental Health were different at baseline for the enrolled patients.
Conclusion: Ten years after surgery, 75% of patients reported similar or better SRS-Self Image scores than one year after surgery. Nearly 25% of patients reported worsening self-image at 10 years. Patients who worsened had lower baseline SRS-Self Image scores, without radiographic or mental health differences at baseline or follow-up.
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Conflict of interest statement
The authors report no conflicts of interest.